76 Shortcuts for Vim

Jump to: Cursor Movement, Editing, Making text (Visual mode), Visual commands, Cut and Paste, Exiting, Search/Replace, Working with multiple files

1. Cursor Movement

h

Move left

j

Move down

k

Move up

l

Move right

w

Jump by start of words

W

Jump by words

e

Jump to end of words

E

Jump to end of words (no punctuation)

b

Jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)

B

Jump backward by words (no punctuation)

0

Start of line

^

First non-blank character of line

$

End of line

G

Go To command (prefix with number)

i

Start insert mode at cursor

I

Insert at the beginning of the line

a

Append after the cursor

A

Append at the end of the line

o

Open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)

O

Open blank line above current line

ea

Append at end word

Esc

Exit insert mode

2. Editing

r

Replace a single character (does not use insert mode)

J

Join line below to the current one

cc

Change (replace) an entire line

cw

Change (replace) to the end of word

c$

Change (replace) to the end of line

s

Delete character at cursor and subsitute text

S

Delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)

xp

Transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)

u

Undo

.

Repeat last command

3. Making text (Visual mode)

v

Start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)

V

Start Linewise visual mode

o

Move to other end of marked area

Ctrl+v

Start visual block mode

O

Move to other corner of block

aw

Mark a word

ab

A () block (with braces)

aB

A {} block (with brackets)

ib

Inner () block

iB

Inner {} block

Esc

Exit visual mode

4. Visual commands

>

Shift right

<

Shift left

y

yank (copy)marked text

d

Delete marked text

~

Switch case

5. Cut and Paste

yy

Yank (copy) a line

2yy

Yank 2 lines

yw

Yank word

y$

Yank to end of line

p

Put (paste) the clipboard after cursor

P

Put (paste) before cursor

dd

Delete (cut) a line

dw

Delete (cut) the current word

x

Delete (cut) current character

6. Exiting

:w

Write (save) the file, but don't exit

:wq

Write (save) and quit

:q

Quit (fails if anything has changed)

:q!

Quit and throw away changes

7. Search/Replace

/pattern

Search for pattern

?patten

Search backward for pattern

n

Repeat search in same direction

N

Repeat search in opposite direction

:%s/old/new/g

Replace all old with new throughout file

:%s/old/new/gc

Replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations

8. Working with multiple files

:e filename

Edit a file in a new buffer

:bnext

Go to next buffer

:bprev

Go to previous buffer

:bd

Delete a buffer (close a file)

:sp filename

Open a file in a new buffer and split window

Ctrl+ws

Split windows

Ctrl+ww

Switch between windows

Ctrl+wq

Quit a window

Ctrl+wv

Split windows vertically

Created by Chirag on 7/13/2017. Last updated by guest on 7/13/2017

 

1 Comments for 'Vim '   

 
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Comment #1 by Wesley Steinbrink Nov 20, 2013 at 01:12 pm  Reply

Great idea. Been looking for something like this for a while. I will put this on my website search.inallearnest.com

Also for the vi shortcuts (vi is actually combinations of single letter shortcuts in the normal mode)
Your vi shortcuts need to mention normal mode versus insert mode.
Some good links are
http://zzapper.co.uk/vimtips.html
(note the link to more vi books)
and
http://www.derekwyatt.org/vim/vim-tutorial-videos/
and for using as a plugin for emacs (scalpal on top of swiss army knife)
http://www.emacswiki.org/emacs/Evil

Reply #1 Wesley Steinbrink Nov 20, 2013 at 01:52 pm

You do have a mention of normal to insert mode. Didn't catch that. Good job.

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Vim Shortcuts

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